Italy, a country in Southern Europe that has been known throughout the world has many beautiful historical cities, both in terms of architecture and history. No doubt, the country that borders France and Switzerland is one of the most popular tourist destinations visited by tourists from all over the world. For those of you who intend to vacation in this country, it’s a good idea to make a list of the places you visit so you don’t get confused because Italy has many tourist destinations. Therefore, here are some tourist attractions in Italy that are suitable to be included in the list of places that you should visit:
It is a tourist spot in Italy that is very well known throughout the world. It feels incomplete if you vacation in Italy without visiting this phenomenal building. Yes, it is the Colosseum . Located in Rome, the capital of Italy. The Colosseum is a historic building with a quite unique architecture. It was built around 72 to 80 AD by Emperor Vespasian, the founder of the Flavian dynasty. The Colosseum stands firmly like a football stadium, it is said that the Colosseum can accommodate up to 55,000 spectators with 80 entrances. This elliptical building has a height of 48 meters with a size of 188 meters x 156 meters. This building is also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre.
As a tourist attraction, the Colosseum is always crowded with tourists, both local and international. The number of visitors even increases in the summer. For those of you who intend to visit this place, it’s a good idea to come in the morning to avoid jostling with other visitors. For information, the Colosseum’s opening time is at 08.30 local time, while its closing time is about an hour before sunset.
Pantheon is a temple relic of the Roman Empire which at this time has been converted into a Roman Catholic church. This building is located on the edge of Rome’s central square or Piazza della Rotonda, adjacent to Piazza Novona. The hallmark of this building is the high pillars on the terrace, which later today inspires more than designs for buildings such as libraries, universities, government buildings, and so on.
The Pantheon was designed around 27 BC as a temple. Construction itself was completed in 126 AD, during the reign of Emperor Hadrian. As originally intended, the Pantheon was a temple that served to worship Roman gods. However, a fire occurred in 80 AD and left the front pillar building ( Portico or front porch). Later, Emperor Hadrian improved it and added a section of the Rotunda , a circular structure, to the interior of the Pantheon. Then, since 609 AD, the Pantheon turned into a church until around 1885 AD. In addition, the Pantheon was also used as a place to bury Italian national heroes such as King Emmanuel I and Raphael, a Renaissance painter.
3. Piazza Novona
Piazza Navona is a very large and beautiful square, located in the center of Rome, west of the Pantheon. Especially in the afternoon, this location is crowded as a place to relax by local residents and tourists. In fact, it is recognized that Piazza Navona’s strongest attraction is in the afternoon. On the right and left sides of Piazza Navona there are rows of magnificent buildings typical of European architecture. There are also many restaurants available here which are certainly very crowded, especially in the afternoon for those who want to enjoy the beautiful scenery while sitting down to eat typical Italian dishes.
In Piazza Navona there are three fountains namely; The Fountain of the Four Rivers which at its peak contains a statue of the Obelisk of Domitian, then there is the Fontana del Moro which has four Tritons (sea gods who have a lower body like dolphins) in the pool, and the last is the Fountain of Neptune . For those of you who want to admire these three fountains up close, there are places to sit around them so that visitors will not get tired of standing. Also, if you visit Piazza Navona, don’t miss the opportunity to visit the giant Baroque church of Sant’Agnesein Agone which is on the back side of Piazza Novana. Guaranteed you will be amazed at how big this one church is.
4. Castel Sant ‘Angelo
Castel Sant’ Angelo is an ancient building that is actually a cylindrical castle. Castel Sant’ Angelo is also known as Makan Hadrian, because when the Roman Emperor died in 138 AD, his body was buried in this place. Not only Emperor Hadrian, other Roman emperors later were also buried here. Castel Sant’ Angelo is located on the right bank of the Tiber river and is connected to the rest of the city via the Ponte Sant’ Angelo (Hadrian’s bridge), the original structure of which was built around the 17th century. Along Hadrian’s bridge is decorated by various marble statues which are considered to be the embodiment of angels in various poses. Become one of the main attractions when you want to go to Castel Sant’ Angelo.
Castel Sant’ Angelo can be said to be a multifunctional building. Because, in addition to being used as a meal for the Roman Emperor, this building has also been used for several times as a fortress, military barracks, prison, residence of the Pope, part of the city walls, until the last one as well as its function until now is a national museum. You can visit the building which is located in Lungotevere Castello every day with opening hours starting at 09.00 am local time.
5. Trevi Fountain
As the name suggests, one of the attractions of this fountain is located in Trevi, Rome. Compared to other fountains in all of Italy, Trevi Fountain is the largest and most famous fountain in the whole world. This Baroque Style fountain has a height of 26.3 meters and a width of 49.5 meters. Built in 1732 AD by order of Pope Clement XII and designed by Nicola Salvi. The Trevi Fountain is decorated with many statues that tell of the “Taming of the Waters”, Someone who tames water.
In the middle of the Trevi Fountain is a statue depicting Poseidon or Neptune, the God of the Sea, riding in a chariot drawn by two horse-shaped sea monsters, while later held by Triton, the dolphin-tailed god. Described how the expression of the horse; some are calm and some are restless, where this reflects the changing state of the sea. Then on the left side of the statue of Neptune there is a relief of Abudance which symbolizes prosperity, pouring water from a jug. On the right side is Salubrity; symbol of health, holding water that a snake drank. The purpose of this story is to describe the story of the construction of the Aqua Virgo aqueduct, along with one of the builders, Agrippa.
Apart from being admired by its majestic design, the Trevi Fountain is also famous for its myths; namely the myth of throwing a coin into the pool. It is said that whoever throws the coin is believed to be able to return to visit this city someday. So, tourists flock to do this ritual with the rules; The thrower must have his back to the side of the fountain. Every day, it is estimated that around 3000 Euros are collected in the pool. However, all these coins were not left arbitrarily, but rather collected and used as a subsidy to the poor and those in need. Indirectly, doing this ritual , it means that you are also doing charity.
6. Vatican Museum
Pope Julius II’s decision in 1506 to buy the Laocoon, a first-century marble statue found by a wine farmer in Rome, was the right decision that eventually made this Vatican’s largest museum one of the most visited tourist destinations. During the 500 years of his acquisition, the Pope really managed to make the Vatican Museums a popular place. With the many works of art that adorn this museum, as Pope Julius II was an art lover.
Visitors can admire the magnificence of Michelangelo’s work beautifully engraved on the walls of the Sistine Chapel. Meanwhile, to see the beauty of the work of the Renaissance artist Raphael and the Laocoon statue, there is another part of the museum. Although visiting hours vary, generally the Vatican Museums can be visited at 08.45 local time, until the afternoon. Starting from Monday to Saturday, but sometimes on Sundays it is still open. The Vatican Museums are mainly closed on holy days.
7. Vertical Garden
Milan is one of the cities in Italy that is famous for its fashion and has long been one of the world’s fashion mecca directions. But apparently, the appeal of the capital of Probincia di Milano, Regione Lombardia is not only in terms of fashion . There is one tourist attraction that is quite famous in Milan, namely artificial nature tourism in the form of a vertical garden located in a shopping center Fiordalisa Shopping Center. That said, this park is the highest vertical garden in Europe, even in the world.
It was conceived by Le Corbusier from France, with Francesco Bollani and his team from Montpellier in France as the architects. In this Milan vertical garden there are about 44,000 types of plants, while the total area reaches 1,263 square meters. This vertical garden has been around since 2010, but only about 2 years later it was recognized as the largest vertical garden in the world, beating one of the largest parks in Madrid (which covers 844 square meters).
8. Gianicolo Hill
Gianicolo Hill offers the best view of Rome from the top of the hill located between the Vatican and Trastevere. Because of its location on a high place, Gianicolo hill also has several historical buildings that are used for religious purposes. To reach Gianicolo hill, you can start from Puri San Angeli on the banks of the Tiber river, followed by a fairly steep hike starting from Via Urbando VIII. It takes about an hour on foot to reach the top of Gianicolo, but believe me, all the tiredness and fatigue will be paid off by the treats you will see on the hill later. Even along the way to the hill you will be amazed at the sights of interesting places such as the Bambino Gesu Children’s Hospital.
At the top of the Gianicolo hill is the historic Gianicolo Cannon. Every day, at 12.00, this cannon will be fired into the air as a signal to all churches in Rome to ring the bells simultaneously. In addition to the Gianicolo Cannon, there is the Piazza Garibaldi garden, around which we can see the luxurious residences of the world’s ambassadors. There’s also the inspiring Acqua Pauloa fountain instead of the Trevi Fountain. Adjacent to Acqua Pauloa, stands the 9th century church; San Pietro in Montorio. Which church is dedicated to St. Peter, because according to local belief, this is where St. Peter was crucified upside down. Down from the hill of Gianicolo, You are still treated to a beautiful view of the old city of Rome named Trastevere which has a beautiful and romantic architecture. In addition, Trastevere also offers Italian specialties at the restaurants that stand along the road at affordable prices.
9. Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore
The Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore is one of the historic buildings in the city of Bergamo. Especially for those of you who like historical places, then you should not miss this one building which has the uniqueness and beauty that is in it.
This place has several historical relics in ancient times that you may have never known, so don’t be surprised if many visit this place to find out historical relics in the past that will provide knowledge and usually researchers or teenagers who are doing research on historical places which has a variety of uniqueness and historical heritage in the past.
10. Cinque Terre
Cinque Terre is a city of colorful smaller in the Riviera, Italy. For those of you who have been satisfied to see the hustle and bustle of the Italian city, it never hurts to visit this one place. Cinque Terre is a unique city with its colorful buildings. This has been true for centuries and is still being maintained today. Its location is not far from the shores of the Mediterranean sea so that the Cinque Terre can also serve you delicious seafood.
Cinque Terre has been designated by UNESCO as a protected world heritage site. Cinque Terre which means five regions , extending from north to south, consists of five villages namely Monterosso al Mare, Vernazza, Corniglia, Manarola and Riomaggiore.
11. Beautiful Bridge in Venice
Venice is a very unique city in Italy because it is completely built on water, in the middle of a lagoon. Known as one of the most beautiful cities as well as the most romantic. Piazza San Marco is the heart of Venice with a magnificent church. The city is located in northeastern Italy. The most popular and most historical place of Venice is the bridge between East and West.
Basically, Venice is an island with an area of 412 square meters and surrounded by water and has hundreds of beautiful bridges. That is why this city is also known as The City of Water. The main attraction of the city of Venice is its beautiful and romantic bridges, so it attracts many tourists to see it. Of the hundreds of bridges in Venice, there are five bridges ( ponte ) which are the most popular among visitors.
The five bridges are:
- Ponte degli Scalzi – Located in front of Venice’s main train station, this bridge is the first bridge you’ll see when you visit the city. Built to replace the iron bridge of Austria (one of the four Grand Canals in Venice). Ponte degli Scalzi is the link between the sestieri areas of Santa Croce and Cannaregio.
- Ponte Tron (Ponte de la Piavola) – This bridge is a bit unique because of its small shape so it is called by the locals as la piavola or puppet bridge. Ponte Tron is one of 400 bridges connecting the OFA 118 archipelago which is an island with more than 150 canals in Venice. This bridge was built with the main material of Istrian stone which we can see throughout the city, but because of its unique shape, this bridge has become one of the most favorite bridges for visitors.
- Ponte di Rialto – As one of the oldest bridges on the Grand Canal, the Ponte di Rialto which was completed in 1531 has a length of about 48 meters with 12,000 wooden pillars which are the original buildings and have survived for more than 4 centuries to this day.
- Ponte della Liberta – Ponte della Liberta has a length of 3.85 kilometers which makes this bridge one of the longest bridges in Venice. Although it does not have a unique architecture, this one bridge has its own charm with its historical side that makes visitors keep making it a favorite bridge to visit. The Ponte della Liberta is a symbol of the end of the fascist dictatorship. This bridge connects Venice with the city of Mestre.
- Ponte Concordia (Bridge of Sighs) – Of all the bridges in Venice, Ponte Concordia or Bridge of Sight is considered the most popular due to its phenomenal myths; where the couple who kiss under this bridge at sunset then their love will be eternal. On the other hand, this white chalk bridge was once the link between Venice’s old prison and the interrogation room. Therefore, in addition to keeping its romantic side, this bridge also has a gloomy thing because it is said to be the last sight seen by inmates before being thrown into prison.
12. Casa Giulietta, Verona
For you literature lovers and ordinary tourists, the story of Romeo and Julit by William Shakespeare is certainly so famous throughout the world. So, the story which was later turned into a screen film was first set in this city, Verona, Italy, which later made this city a very famous tourist destination. Every year, thousands of tourists come to this city of Romeo and Juliet. Casa di Giuletta, known as the home of the Juliet, is one of the most visited destinations by tourists. There, you’ll find thousands of letters and messages that visitors can send to Juliet. In addition, there is also a statue of Juliet with the pride of visitors to hold her breasts which is said to make wishes come true. Besides Juliet’s house, inCasa di Giuletta , not far from The Arena, is the third largest amphitheater in the world resembling the Colosseum in Rome.
On foot, at the end of the street, you will find a building with an antique gate which is the official residence of the Dal Capello family. That said, Capello’s name was revealed to be the name Capullet, Juliet’s surname. That’s what makes the local community believe that the building is indeed Juliet’s original residence. Another myth is the colorful padlock located not far from the statue of Juliet. It is believed that if a couple writes their name on a padlock and sticks it there, then their love will be locked forever (will not be separated and will be faithful forever).
13. Rabbit Beach Lampedusa
If you think that Italy is only famous for its tourist attractions in the form of buildings as well as food and historical places, it turns out that Italy also keeps the charm of its extraordinary beaches. Even one of the beaches in Italy is known as the beach that presents the most beautiful charm in the world. Yes, Rabbit Beach Lampedusa. Located on the southwest coast of Sicily, it was named the most beautiful beach in the world by one of the leading tourism sites in 2013.
Different from most usual beaches, Rabbit Beach, as the name implies, is unique in that it is home to hundreds of rabbits. All the rabbits live freely around the beach and have been around for decades. In addition to rabbits, marine tourism is also very famous because it is still very awake because this area itself is still not much human activity. The beautiful clean white sand and blue sea water are enough reasons why this place is so worth visiting. Rabbit Beach can only be visited by boat. It is not wrong if Rabbit Beach has been named the most beautiful beach in the world because this beach itself has been considered to have all the requirements as the most beautiful beach. Starting from the sand, the blue sea, marine tourism, the uniqueness of rabbits,